Modern Birthstone Chart

Birthstone gems are documented in writing as far back as the 1st century. Here is a modern version.

Month Modern
Birthstone
Associations Colors Hardness
(On Mohs Scale)
Geography Folklore & History
January Garnet Friendship, trust, healing, strength, protection, intimacy, passion, love, sensuality Every color except blue 7 to 7.5 USA Garnets signify trust and eternal friendship. The name comes from the Greek word for seed, so named for it’s resemblance to that of a pomegranate. Early societies would bury people with Garnet as they believed it offered protection in the afterlife. Powers include healing, strength, and protection. Believed to reduce skin inflammation, regulate the circulatory system, and improve depression. In the middle ages, it was thought that garnets would stop bleeding.
February Amethyst Protection from intoxication & evil thoughts, improved mental acuity, peace, meditation, balance, courage, inner strength Pale lavender to dark purple 7 Austria, Brazil, Canada, South Korea, Uruguay, USA, Zambia Amethyst is a member of the quartz family. Romans believed it would ward off drunkenness, the effects of Bacchus, the God of Wine. Some legends report  amethyst as helpful in capturing animals  and making the possessor shrewd in business matters. It has long been prized by royalty in it’s darkness colors as a symbol of wealth. Leonardo Da Vinci said amethyst quickens intelligence and rids you of evil thoughts. Some believe Amethyst cures insomnia and relieves pain.
March Aquamarine Water, oceans, safe travel, calmness, tranquility, mental clarity Pale Blue, Blue-Green, Green-Blue 7.5 – 8.0 Brazil (most valued), Kenya, Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Russia, Thailand The name comes from the Latin, “Aqua,” which refers to water or the sea. It reportedly protects sailors and provides for a safe voyage. The color is said to help cool the temper, release fear and promote calmness. Aquamarines come from the same mineral family as emeralds. Believed to aid the liver, throat, stomach, jaw, teeth, eyes and ears
April Diamond Wealth, power, strength, mental clarity, commitment, weddings, anniversaries White/Clear, Pink, Yellow, Bright Blue, Blue-Green, Red, Brown, Black 10 India, Africa, Australia, Russia, Canada, Diamonds have been traded since they were first found in Indian rivers thousands of years ago. Modern diamonds emerged as gemstones with their discovery in Africa in the mid-1800’s. Lore says that diamonds can remove emotions, obstructions and confusion in our thoughts to bring mental clarity
May Emerald Healing of the eyes, prevention of seizures, improvement of intelligence, memory and clairvoyance Green to Bluish-Green 7.5 – 8.0 Brazil, Columbia, Pakistan, Russia, Australia, South Africa, India, Norway, and the United States Emeralds are the most valuable of green gemstones, and were Cleopatra’s most prized stones. The darker the stone, the more costly the jewelry. They were once used as amulets to ward off epilepsy in children and were credited with curing eye diseases. Ancient societies believed they would improve memory and intelligence, resulting in the ability to predict the future.
June Pearl
(Moonstone is an alternate)
Purity, calmness, clarity integrity, truth, loyalty, femininity, dragons White, Cream, Ivory,  Pink, Pale Yellow, Golden Yellow, Gray, Blues, Brown, Black, Greenish-Black 2.5 – 4.5 Ocean waters around the world in nature, cultured in Australia, China, French Polynesia, Japan, Philippines, United States Large, quality, natural pearls are so rare that some are valued in the millions of dollars. Cleopatra is said to have dissolved a valuable pearl in wine and drunk it to prove to Mark Anthony she could consume the wealth of a nation. European nobility once banned pearl ownership from anyone not of royal blood. Pearls are found in fork lore from around the world and are associated with stories of Chinese dragons and parables about greed in India. Pearls are said to absorb the emotions of wearer, which can be felt by future owners.
July Ruby Integrity, devotion, happiness, passion, protection, prosperity, love, sensuality. Red to Purplish-Red 9 Afghanistan, Australia, Greenland, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Scotland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, United States Rubies in large sizes can be more rare than diamonds. A 25.5 carat stone sold for over $34 million in 2015. Ruby translates to “The King of Gems,” in Sanskrit. They have been priced by royalty for thousands of years. The most valuable are deep, dark red and transparent. Rubies are said to aid the emotions, increase integrity, devotion and happiness. They are seen as a sign of prosperity, power and determination. It is believed that rubies can enhance passion by stirring the blood and stimulating the heart. Because of this, rubies have traditionally been associated with love and sensuality.
August Peridot Improved relationships, slowed aging, increased prosperity, abundance Yellowish Green to Olive Green 6.5 – 7.0 Zagbargad Island, Myanmar, Egypt, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil, Germany, Mexico, Southwestern United States, Hawaii Peridot has been mined for thousands of years. Named in the bible as pitdah, it is found in lava, meteorites, and in the earth’s mantle. Some peridot is billions of years old. The Egyptians called it, ” The Gem of the Sun,” appropriate enough as it’s been found in comet dust brought back from space. Peridot is thought to aid relationships by reducing stress, lessening anger, and reducing jealousy. It’s believed that Peridot promotes abundance and prosperity, and aids those in trauma by promoting positive energy and balancing chakras.
September Sapphire Protection from envy and harm, heaven, blessings, intuition, creative expression White, Colorless, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Brown, Pink, Purple, Gray, Black 9 Australia, Sri Lanka and Thailand, Burma, Kampuchea, Kenya, Tanzania, Montana (US) Sapphires are among the hardest stones, second only to diamond. Prized by royalty, one of the most famous stones was owned by Princess Diana and is currently worn by Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge. Medieval Europeans believed sapphires protected the wearer from evil, envy and harm. Priests wore them as symbols of heaven and commoners thought they brought blessings. Metaphysically, sapphires are associated with the third eye and purported to help in healing. Sapphires are said to promote mental clarity and thereby increase creativity, reduce depression and remove anxiety.
October Tourmaline
(Opal is an alternate)
Detoxification, electricity, immunity, stress reduction, increased brain activity All colors, including bi-colored stones 7.0 – 7.5 Brazil, Thailand, Russia, Western United States, Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan Tourmaline is known for the ability to change color in different light, as well as it’s rainbow of colors.  its name from the Singhalese phrase “tura mali,” meaning “stone mixed with vibrant colors.” The most expensive is known as Paraiba, which is a rare neon blue color mined in Brazil. Under high temperatures or heat, Tourmaline emits an electrical charge. It’s believed that it Tourmaline aids in  detoxification and reduction in chronic disease. It’s associated with an improved immune system, reduced stress, improved circulation and increased brain activity.
November Yellow Topaz
(Citrine is an alternate)
Willpower, motivation, strength, faith, good intentions, new friendships, truth, forgiveness Naturally, colorless, brown, pink, orange, yellow, red, purple, pink; other colors are heat-treated 7 Thailand, United States, Mexico, Brazil, Nigeria, Botswana, Madagascar, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Russia The name topaz comes Trom Topazios, the Greek name for a small island in the Red Sea, which is now called  Zabargad. While topaz never came from here, peridot did and it was once confused with topaz. In Sanskrit, it means, “fire.” Ancient Greeks thought topaz gave them strength. During the Renaissance, Europeans believed it could break a magic spell and calm anger. In India it is worn over the heart to assure long life, beauty and intelligence. Some believe it improves willpower and motivation, increases friendship and promotes truth and forgiveness.
December Tanzanite
(Blue Topaz and Turquoise are alternates)
Communication, psychic power, deep meditation, transition, soothing Naturally purple to lavender with yellow and brown, nearly always heat-treated to make purple 6.0 – 7.0 Tanzania Named for Tanzania, where it was discovered in 1967, tanzanite is rare and beautiful. From lavender to royal purple, it is synonymous with rarity and richness. Tiffany & Company promoted it as the stone of the 20th century and feature it in many elegant jewelry pieces. From cabochons to faceted stones, it’s unique color makes it very popular. Metaphysically, tanzanite is considered a stone of transition and thought to aid in deep mental communication, psychic power, meditation, and linking with higher realms. Some believe it is soothing and therefore helpful in counseling and reflection.